Great Britain and the GREAT betrayal of Poland; part I
……….. and reflection of this situation in the current times
Part I – “Empty promises”
The treason committed by the United Kingdom against Poland has interested me for a long time and that’s why I’ve always wanted to explore this subject and describe it in my own words. The whole case was so devastating and long lasting that it seems to me that my article could be also called: “The multiple British betrayal of Poland”, “Britain – the partner in crime” or for example “The childish mistakes of the Polish diplomacy”. It is also very important to say that the British betrayal of Poland was not because of Britain’s fear of war or because of chaotic decision change at the last minute. The very skillfully planned treason against Poland was meant to give England great benefits. Moreover, apart from England we were also betrayed by France and by living in Poland Ukrainians and Jews, who that way thanked us for giving them a sanctuary of peace for centuries. Hitler lost patience to Poles for his efforts of dragging Poland onto his side for so many years and Stalin wanted revenge for 1920. Therefore all tragedies from the perfectly worth each other enemies and “friends” fell on Poland at the same time.
In the first part I’m going to describe step by step all the stages of the British treason against Poland and I’m going to describe the empty promises that were deliberately made by Britain to lead Poland into disaster. In the second part I’m going to briefly describe the main “actors” of World War II and their true attitudes towards Poland and Polish people. The second part will be a more accurate addition to the first part.
I would like to give my readers the widest and the deepest outline of the whole situation which I believe will be further enhanced with comments of different colours. Let us also remember that history is always written by the winners and never by the losers and that’s why we can expect only as much truth as we are allowed to know and the rest we must investigate by ourselves. The work of historians I would therefore compare to a work of a detectives who also have to conclude the facts on their own. First of all I do not agree that the World War II began in 1939 because looking at any war only by its military actions is not rational. The military beginning of World War II began in 1939 but the war itself began much earlier. I think that a fair start would have been perhaps 1933 and certainly March the 12th 1938 when Austria was annexed by the Third Reich; and when as a result of it England and France expressed their not so passionate concern ……..
The purpose of this article is to show not only that Poland can count only on itself and that all kinds of peace treaties are worthless waste papers but also that the Nazis and the Allies were perfectly worth each other and in relation to Poland they didn’t differ from each other too much. Those who attacked us were exactly the same as those who defended us because the only good ones and the only defenders were Poles alone – excluding the Polish government of course. I also believe that although the propaganda created the image of bad Nazis and the image of good Allies, to me there wasn’t such thing as the Allies. To me there were only two separate terrorist camps fighting for their own influence, and on one side there were the Nazis on on the other the axis states, but not the Allies. Also, depending on the course of the war different countries changed their support.
I would also want my readers to try to refer my article to the present times, because as we know history likes to repeat itself.
Munich treaty and the blindness of the Polish diplomacy
Polish politicians should have been put on a high alert when on March the 29th 1938 England, France and Italy signed the infamous Munich Treaty, which resulted in the Third Reich annexing a part of Czechoslovakia and meant the beginning of its end. At the time the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain described that ridiculous and servile move as “the guarantee of peace of their times” because he naively believed that Hitler would stop. Meantime Hitler regarded such treaties as worthless papers and symbols of the Allies’ weakness. When Britain lost its honour and like a coward barricaded itself behind invalid treaties, Hitler fulfilled his ambitions. If the Polish diplomacy at that time would have had common sense (and unfortunately it didn’t) then after that move it would have definitely known that the alliance with England and France was nothing but pure fiction.
Moreover, since the early days of taking power and certainly not because of his good heart, Hitler fought tirelessly for alliance with Poland and gave a lot of evidence on that. The last time he tried was at the turn of 1938 and 1939. Above all, with the fall of Czechoslovakia through the Munich Treaty the disputed land of Zaolzie was given to Poland. Later, in March 1939 Hermann Göring went to Poland for the annual hunt for the last time and for the last time he tried to persuade Poland to join the Reich. Polish diplomacy however waited and believed the more than obvious traitors and cowards.
With such obvious moves of each of the parties, after 6 years of deceiving Hitler, taking into account the geographic location of Poland and its 3 million of hating and using Poland Jews, I think that predicting the next few months would have been very easy for anyone who had finished primary school. Unfortunately it proved extremely difficult for the Polish government which has in its blood acting for other countries at the expense of the native Poles.
I don’t think that siding Nazi Germany would have been a lottery win for Poland but on the other hand I am sure that in such case Poland would not have been destroyed. Moreover, Poland once and for all would have got rid of the parasite in the form of the Jewish problem what was a part of the eventual alliance with the Reich, it would not have had so many casualties and that the Polish economy would have not been turned back in time for about 50 years. With such an arrangement Poland could have gained a lot and in the worst case it would have been a temporary client state of the Third Reich and its passage to the East. When Poland refused alliance with Germany, Stalin was interested in alliance with the Third Reich but it was a problem to him that the Soviet Union and Germany did not have a common border…….. and as we know that “problem” was quickly resolved.
The real reason for the British treason of Poland
The betrayal of Poland was planned by the British and the French to the smallest detail because the extremely full of themselves and confident “Allies” were going to beat the Germans anyway, simply because they could not afford to have another strong country in the middle of Europe. But first they wanted Germany to eliminate Poland from the war so they could destroy the Polish economy and its whole infrastructure, so after the war Poland could fall into complete dependence on England and eventually France. That way the British wanted to sentence Poland to the economic conditions dictated by her western masters.
Apart from that, the British allied with Poland just to give Poland away to Germany for total destruction, so England could have more time to arm itself and then eventually attack Germany before they begin to head west. In the perfect scenario for the English, the eastern offensive would have cost the Third Reich so much blood that it would not have been able to defend itself anymore. That move alone was meant to guarantee England the removal of the dominant power in mainland Europe and carry out the economic and military dependence of all European continent which would have been a great addition to their empire.
Then the British Empire would have made yet just another treaty with Russia and the whole world would have been divided at the expense of Poland. It is also very important that the eventual German-Polish alliance would have been very troublesome and that’s why the false friendship propaganda was the only option for Britain at that time. Despite the betrayal of Poland which was planned well ahead, the British government was so vicious that even in the early days of the war Britain and France continued their political bluff without any strategic concepts in the east.
Soon after the United Kingdom also betrayed France (and earlier as a result of the Munich Treaty because of the treason of Poland) and both countries were very deservedly pushed to the brink of survival. When Hitler conquered France it gave him the strength and motivation to crack down on the real enemies, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.
The politics of false friendship before the 1st of September 1939
In 1939 Great Britain and France signed a number of treaties with the Polish government containing very detailed promises on the Polish defense.
France – May 1939
France invited representatives of the Polish government for a ceremonial reception at which an agreement was signed specifying the conditions of helping Poland in the event of German aggression. The agreement stated very clearly that:
„in the event of German aggression against Poland, France would launch an offensive against the Germans no later than fifteen days after mobilization”.
Polish-French cooperation has had a rich history dating back to the sixteenth century and all the passionate assurances of mutual friendship were also very warm after World War I and even documented with agreements signed in 1921 and 1922. In all the speeches of French leaders supported by a number of agreements on helping Poland we can find quotes such as:
“Everything orders us to support Poland”
“….the two governments shall take concerted measures for the defense of their territory and the protection of their legitimate interests “
, or the mutual defense agreement from the 15th of September 1922….
“In case of German aggression against either Poland or France, or both, the two nations would aid each other to the fullest extent . “
As we can see France has blinded Poles with false friendship for decades but the most ironic agreement (on “friendship” and “help” of course) was signed in mid-May 1939 when General Tadeusz Kasprzycki visited Paris to agree on military aid which France was supposed to give Poland in the event of an attack. Those discussions led to the Polish-French Military Convention in which it was written as follows:
“on the outbreak of war between Germany and Poland, the French would immediately undertake air action against Germany “
In addition, the Polish-French Military Convention also stated that:
“on the third day of French mobilization its army would launch a diversionary offensive into German territory, which would be followed by a major military offensive of the full French army to take place no later than fifteen days after mobilization “.
England – March 1939
“As the House is aware certain consultations are now proceeding with other Governments. In order to make perfectly clear the position of His Majesty’s Government…………..in the event of any action which clearly threatened Polish independence, and which the Polish Government accordingly considered it vital to resist with their national forces, His Majesty’s Government would feel themselves bound at once to lend the Polish Government all support in their power. They have given the Polish Government an assurance to this effect. I may add that the French Government have authorized me to make it plain that they stand in the same position in this matter as do His Majesty’s Government.”
Prime Minister Neville Chambarlain in a speech on the 1st of March 1939
Because of the guarantee given by the British government now the Poles made steps coordinating defense preparations together with the British. On the 4th of April 1939 the Polish Foreign Minister Józef Beck went to London to talk with the British Prime Minister Neville Chambarlain and his Foreign Minister Lord Halifax. The conversation between the two parties contained very comprehensive but also very precise scope of cooperation between the two governments, and showed full agreement on the main objectives:
„It was agreed that the two countries were prepared to enter into an agreement of a permanent and reciprocal character to replace the present temporary and unilateral assurance given by His Majesty’s Government to the Polish Government”.
Whilst waiting for the completion of the permanent agreement the Foreign Minister Józef Beck also gave His Majesty’s Government the guarantee that the Polish Government would also consider their duty under the same obligation to help His Majesty’s Government, in the same circumstances mentioned before in the temporary agreement which was already given by His Majesty’s Government.
Shortly thereafter a formal agreement was drawn between the UK and Poland which clearly bore the guarantee, that:
“If Germany attacks Poland His Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom will at once come to the help of Poland.”
If however France and Britain had kept their promises and began the bombardment of western Germany on the 1st of September 1939 the Germans would have stopped about 50km after Poznan at the most and World War II would have been finished before it even began. Poland never dreamed that England and France would have given their lives for them, but the Polish leadership was under no illusion that it stood no chance against the German war machine. That means that the promised air attack on west Germany would have forced Wehrmaht to retreat in order to defend their own territory, and that would have naturally let the Poles to counter attack and push the enemy out of Poland.
„The Poles could be confident that Britain would carry out bombing raids in Germany once hostilities began”.
General Sir Edmund Ironside during his official visit in Warsaw on the 17th of July 1939.
At the time France had one of the strongest armies in the world but despite all the assurances when Germany invaded Poland France sent only a symbolic group of soldiers to the Siegfried Line in western Germany and when the Germans fired only a few times in the air the French simply run away. Because of the great betrayal and cowardice of the British and the French, first Hitler was able to conquer Poland, then he mobilized his forces at ease, he conquered France and many other countries and lead England to the brink of survival. Betraying Poland cost Britain her empire.
Duplicity of the “Allies” towards Poland
Even though Britain and France competed in giving promises to Poland, in honest reality they sincerely doubted their abilities to defend Poland. As a result of talks between France and England on the 31st of March and the 4th of April 1939 a ruling was issued under the name “Military Consequences of Anglo-French guarantee for Poland and Romania”. Despite the iron guarantees given to Poland even three months later the document stated clearly that:
“If Germany undertook a major offensive in the East there is little doubt that she could occupy Romania, Polish Silesia and the Polish Corridor. If she were to continue the offensive against Poland it would only be a matter of time before Poland was eliminated from the war. Though lack of adequate communications and difficult country would reduce the chances of an early decision. ………No spectacular success against the Siegfried Line can be anticipated, but having regard to the internal situation in Germany……………..we should be able to reduce the period of Germany’s resistance………………”
Translating the above into English, the Western countries wanted to throw Poland to Germany as a booty in a hope that they would be satisfied with their new prey and they would not position their troops towards the West. The West however did nothing apart from watching the evolving situation. On the 13th of July 1939 the French ambassador in Germany wrote a letter to the French Foreign Minister Georges Monnet, in which he stated that:
„This Embassy has recently reported numerous signs of abnormal activity in the German army and of Germany’s obvious preparations for the possibility of an impending war”.
At that time it was already clear that the British (and the French) fed Poles with political bluff without any military initiative in the east ,but even then they still kept on giving guarantees to Poland in hope that Hitler could be fooled and give up the fight or that Poles would fight to the death.
In August 1939 Poles were already confident that they will be betrayed and that they can not count on any help, especially that: “Britain’s approach to strategic bombing of the German military installations have changed”, and as they put it ironically:
” Naturally, the Poles were not informed of this alteration”.
Moreover, the British began to look for someone who would look more guilty of betrayal of Poland than they were themselves…… and as usually they found them in France:
“The French have lied to the Poles in saying they are going to attack. There is no idea of it .”
However, General Ironside forgot to mention that England also lied to the Poles and that Royal Air Force would not carry out bombings to help both the Polish army and the French army which was never meant to be there anyway.
Surprisingly the British did not give up and that’s why on the 25th of August 1939 they signed another completely meaningless document called the Mutual Assistance Agreement between the United Kingdom and Poland.
When on the 1st of September 1939 Germany invaded Poland the British asked the Poles to not to mobilize all her forces to not upset the Germans, what only helped Wehrmacht in the conquest of Poland.
Besides, the RAF was not going to bomb German military bases because according to a comment made on the 20th of September 1939:
“The immutable aim of the Allies is the ultimate defeat of Germany, without which the fate of Poland is permanently sealed. It would obviously be militarily unsound and to the disadvantage of all, including Poland, to undertake at any given moment operations … unlikely to achieve effective results, merely for the sake of maintaining a gesture.”
At the end RAF finally decided that instead of dropping bombs they would drop propaganda leaflets !!!
- Adolf Hitler
- betrayal of Poland by the United Kingdom
- Joseph Stalin
- Neville Chamberlain. Winston Churchill
- the Agreement on Mutual Assistance between the United Kingdom and Poland
- the British Empire
- the Military Consequences of the Anglo-French Guarantees for Poland
- the Munich Treaty
- the plan of betrayal of Poland by Great Britain
- the real reason for the betrayal of Poland